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Benefits and Shortcomings of The React Native Framework!

Advantages & Shortcomings of the React Native framework!

React Native Framework

Why does every next-gen organization want to leverage mobility solutions today? That’s because mobile apps have become the fast-track solution to influence audiences. So, every company wants a dedicated mobile app.

But real confusion arises when it comes to the choice of the right framework for mobile app development. As there are a vast number of competent frameworks available in the market, selecting the right framework becomes challenging.

What if there exists a promising framework that helps to design top-quality apps with fewer resources?

The Facebook-created React Native framework is the perfect solution for such a requirement. React Native app development is preferred by several big players in the market like Facebook, UberEats, Delivery.com, Skype, Bloomberg, Instagram, Vogue, Tesla, etc. to name a few. React Native app developers use JavaScript and JSX to create iOS and Android native apps. The framework offers native layout components that facilitate the creation of convincing UIs that are pretty much similar to native apps.

Reusability of components, sharable code repository, and, the “Learn once, write anything” objective, have already made React Native a winning choice for cross-platform app development. So, if you are going to build your next app with this framework or going to hire a React Native app development company for your project, this blog will help you to make an informed decision. Here’s a list of some noteworthy pros and cons of the React Native framework.

Pros of Using React Native for Your Mobile App

React Native Framework

Time and Cost-Effective Solution

React Native app development allows the re-usability of the code i.e. the same code is being used for both Android and iOS platforms. As JavaScript is used for development, it allows React Native app developers to use the same codebase not only for mobile platforms but also for React web applications. This makes the job smoother, faster, and easier for developers. Targeting multiple operating systems with one code reduces the coding time by 30-35% approximately. A single team can code for multiple platforms. As a result, team size is reduced and the project becomes manageable.

React Native has ‘ready-to-apply’ components. So, instead of writing the code from scratch, the React Native app developers can use these components and save their efforts. All these factors boost cost-effectiveness. The app can be launched in the market at the earliest, improving the time-to-market.

Modular Architecture

The React Native framework has a modular architecture. It allows the developers to segregate the functions of the code into blocks called modules. These modules are interchangeable and free and they can be reused for web and mobile APIs. As a result, React Native mobile app development becomes flexible, and updating apps becomes extremely easy.

Native App-Like Performance

React Native enables you to create applications using React and JavaScript. This framework uses native modules and native controls, which enhances the app’s performance considerably. React Native applications render their user interface using native APIs. Also, a JavaScript runtime code is used for running the application’s JS code on the device. As such, the performance of these apps is similar to that of Native apps if any requirement like the processing of heavy graphics or intensive computation is not involved. In this matter, React Native fares way better than hybrid app frameworks.

Growing Community Support

React Native is an open-source framework and anyone can contribute to its growth. This community of talented and experienced React Native app developers helps anyone and everyone who needs a piece of advice on an issue. It has active support from GitHub and Facebook. Facebook itself uses this framework and the team constantly works to introduce new features, functionalities, and React framework libraries as well. Also, companies like Microsoft, Callstack, Infinite Red, Software Mansion, etc. have contributed to the React Native framework.

Good Reliability and Stability

Despite being a new framework comparatively, React Native is much more stable and reliable. It has simplified data binding due to which child elements do not affect the parent data. So, if a developer changes any object, s/he would need to modify its state and then accordingly apply the updates, letting only allowed components to be upgraded.

‘Hot-Reload’ Feature

This is another precious feature of the React Native framework. If a developer makes changes in the code or tweaks the UI, it immediately reflects in the apps, like a live preview even if the apps are running. The developer does not need to rebuild the app for every small change made in the code. This functionality enables the implementation of feedback faster and reduces the wait time.

Third-Party Plugin Support

Third-party plugins are usually not considered to be secure and so, the developers face challenges while using them. The React Native framework, on the other hand, has many third-party libraries that are quite flexible and can be used swiftly. Also, there are pragmatic interfaces in React Native having customization options.

Simplified User Interface

React Native looks more like a JavaScript library and not a framework, where the user interfaces are simplified and platform-specific. So, the apps designed in React Native are more responsive and have a smoother feel.

Declarative Coding Style

The declarative coding style in React Native simplifies the coding process and coding paradigms which makes the development understandable. The code can be easily read and understood, simply by looking at it.

Cons Of using React Native for App Development

Small Collection of Components

React Native is still in its infancy. Though it has ‘ready-made’ components to use, the collection is small. Some of the components may even not meet the expected standards, as they aren’t developed by official developers. This limits the developers to create simple basic apps. For developing an app with custom native-like features, one might have to maintain 3 codebases – react native, iOS, and Android.

Memory Management

React Native is based on JavaScript and is not suited for apps that are computationally intensive. In terms of memory usage and management, float computations are handled inefficiently and the speed and performance are significantly degraded.

Need For Native Developers

To solve some of the issues in React Native, native modules are required. However, implementing them requires expertise in Java/ Swift/Objective-C and detailed knowledge of a specific platform. So, we can’t deny that occasionally, some help from native developers may be needed. This could be an issue for small enterprises or start-ups.

Lacks The Security Robustness

Being an open-source framework the security robustness of React Native may get affected. While creating data-sensitive apps like banking or financial apps, experts advise that this framework should not be used as it is based on JavaScript which is known for its instability.

Isn’t Ideal for All Business Requirements

React Native is known for saving time and money, however, it may not suit every business requirement. At times, when complex features are required to be used in the apps, React Native may not be the apt choice.

Key Takeaways:

React Native has been one of the most sought-after frameworks for mobile app development. Though it has its downfalls like every other framework, its advantages surpass the downfalls. Also, the huge React community growing at a fast pace is highly likely to develop more efficient and advanced components and functionalities, making it one of the best frameworks.

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