Health and Fitness

What are Different Types of Mood Disorder?

What are Different Types of Mood Disorder?


Mood disorders affect overall mood. Emotions fluctuate daily. You may feel on top of the world after a promotion or a good grade. You may feel down due to relationship issues, financial troubles, or a serious condition on the way to work. Normal mood swings. When your mood affects your daily activities, social, educational, and professional relationships, you may have a mood disorder.

Mood disorder:

Mood disorders affect your emotions. Long periods of extreme happiness, sadness, or both. Some mood disorders cause anger and irritability.

Situations can affect your mood. Mood disorders require weeks or more of symptoms. Mood disorders can change your behavior and impair your ability to work or attend school.

Depression and bipolar disorder are very common.

What are the different types of mood disorders?

Mood disorders include:

Major depression.

Less interest in normal activities, sadness, hopelessness, and other symptoms for 2 weeks may be depression.


This is a chronic (long-lasting), low-grade, depressed, or irritable mood.


This condition causes depression and mania.

A mood disorder linked to another illness. Cancer, injuries, infections, and chronic illnesses can cause depression.

Drug-induced depression.

Symptoms of depression due to medicine, drug abuse, alcoholism, toxins, or other treatments.

Mood-disorder symptoms

Mood disorders can make it hard to meet daily obligations. Depression can cause headaches or stomachaches in some people, especially children. Mood disorders can have varying effects on quality of life.

Symptoms may include:

Depression is characterized by many symptoms, including a loss of interest in previously enjoyable activities, changes in eating and sleeping habits (either excessive or decreased sleep), feelings of sadness, hopelessness, isolation, guilt, irritability, and even thoughts of death and/or suicide.

These symptoms persist and impair mood disorder patients’ daily functioning. They’re not random emotions.

Causes of Mood Disorder:

Mood disorders have no known cause, but they run in families. Mind imbalances are likely. Death, divorce, or trauma can trigger depression, especially if it’s genetic.

Treatment of Mood Disorder

Many people with mood disorders are successfully treated, improving their quality of life. Psychotherapy and medications can treat mood disorders. Therapy and medication are often best.

Therapies for Mood Disorder:

Psychotherapy includes:

  • Family therapy

Family therapy can recommend for mood disorders. It can help your loved ones understand your condition and support you. Treatment-related psychotherapy.

  • Cognitive Behavior Therapy:

CBT is structured, goal-oriented psychotherapy. Mental health professionals use it to treat or manage mental health conditions and emotions. CBT is used to treat depression and bipolar disorder, among others. CBT teaches you to reframe negative thought patterns and redirect harmful behavior with healthy coping mechanisms.

  • Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT):

DBT is a form of CBT adapted for people with intense emotions.

  • Psychodynamic therapy

Psychodynamic therapy is based on the theory that one’s current emotional and behavioral patterns are shaped by past experiences and irrational, reoccurring thoughts and feelings that are not conscious.

Psychotherapy for mood disorders, also called talk therapy, aims to change unhealthy emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.

Psychotherapy is done by a psychologist or psychiatrist. It can help you and/or your family function better and improve your well-being.

Who gets mood disorders?

Depression affects everyone. Depression is worse and lasts longer. They’re harder to control than sadness. Children with a mood disorder parent are more likely to have one. Stress and life events can worsen depression. This complicates emotion management.

Depression results from problems. Being fired, divorcing, losing a loved one, and financial trouble are all hard. Pressure management is hard. This stress can cause depression. They can worsen mood disorders.

The risk of depression in women is nearly double that of men. Siblings and children are at higher risk after a diagnosis.

Key points about mood disorders

  • Mood disorders are mental illnesses. The term encompasses depression and bipolar disorders.
  • Mood disorders affect kids, teens, and adults.
  • Mood disorders have many causes. They may be caused by a chemical imbalance.
  • Most mood disorder patients feel sad. They might feel hopeless.
  • Symptoms can last months or years without treatment. They impact life quality.
  • Mood disorders are treated with medicine, psychotherapy, group therapy, or a combination of the three.
  • Long-term care ensures a full, productive life.

Is anxiety a mood disorder?

GAD isn’t a mood disorder. It’s an anxiety disorder, like panic and phobias. Anxiety precedes or coexists with mood disorders.

Is OCD a mood disorder?

Bipolar disorder causes mood and behavior swings. OCD causes repetitive behaviors and intrusive thoughts. Both can coexist.


You may be sad, empty, or irritable if you have a mood disorder (depression). Mood disorders can change behavior and impair work or school. Mood disorder psychotherapy changes unhealthy emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. CBT reframes negative thought patterns and redirects harmful behavior.

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